- The idea behind this course is to present major, foundational
concepts about God and Christ to the Muslim who has either received
Christ, or is merely willing to take a good look at the Bible.
Because it is hard to predict how long a "seeker" will
stay studying with you, the course is as short as possible, just
This material has been developed in the crucible of real life
ministry to Muslims in the Middle East. We have had the blessing
of teaching the course many times to a large number of people,
and so it has been refined through experience. Our objective
all along has been to keep what works.
It seems that most discipleship courses presuppose too much
Christian understanding. Certain basic principles, such as Gods
goodness, are taken for granted. As a result many courses begin
in the New Testament, but we have felt that we must start at
the beginning. Consider the basic truths of the first two lessons
which are taken from Genesis 1-3: Who God is; the basic quality
of creation; man; mans relationship to God; temptation;
sin; the fall and the curse. The latter topics can be summed
up as mans terrible condition in contrast to his once perfect
condition, an exposure of mans sin-nature, and the need
for God to rescue and put things right. If the Muslim has a good
grasp from the Genesis account of these things, then he has gone
a long way toward making sense of the gospel. And many scholars,
especially from the field of Biblical Theology, agree that in
non-Christian cultures, one must start from Genesis.
The fourth lesson concentrates on the core themes of blood
sacrifice, substitution, and atonement in the Old Testament.
There is a brief look ahead at Christ as the ultimate atoning
sacrifice but the emphasis is on setting the stage from the Old
Testament, so that when we get to Christ, it makes sense. Thus
the three lessons on these core truths (together with Genesis
1-3) are an indispensable foundation.
Another precept of the course is that it ought to be taught
in a face-to-face setting by a real teacher, preferably one who
is qualified to minister the Scriptures. Other courses have students
look up verses ahead of time, fill in the blanks, and then the
group compares answers together; but we dont believe this
is the best approach in the Muslim environment.
Three of the lessons are topical, and three are expositional
(i.e. they concentrate mainly on studying one passage together
in an inductive manner). As our preference is to make the whole
course as expository as possible, we have found it best for the
group to learn through discussion whenever practical. A good
approach is for the teacher to ask leading questions, and then
allow the students to discover for themselves the truths that
are in front of them in the text. Not only does this keep them
from getting bored, it also helps the truths to stick in their
minds, and hopefully in their hearts. Some of the material, however,
will simply have to be taught.
- Some Practical Matters
- Group size: between 1 and 10 students. A large group may
cause some to be silent and for discussion to be limited. Some
may even gang up against the biblical material. Obviously the
teacher should know his students pretty well before creating
a large group.
In many cases, these lessons only mention the point to be
made. The teacher will need to work out how he wants to explain
it. The material is not specially contextualized, but it can
certainly be used, even without adaptation, in the setting of
a highly contextualized ministry.
Each study is designed to take 45 - 60 minutes. In addition,
the teacher may want to have singing, sharing and prayer, drills
for finding verses, or whatever else he sees as appropriate.
The teacher may assign work for the students to study ahead
of time. This is not necessary, and in some situations may hinder
some from continuing. It may be more fruitful to have the students
memorize verses after theyve learned the meaning of them
during a particular study, and then to review those verses at
the beginning of the next lesson.
If possible, there should be a Bible for each student. When
dealing with illiterate people, time should be given for slow
and expressive reading of the text, and key verses should be
recited more than once.
The design of the course is a gradual buildup for five lessons,
with Lesson Six calling for a decision and commitment to Christ.
The teacher should plan on spending no less than 2 hours in
preparation with the biblical texts and this material. This does
not include the time necessary for preparing it in another language.
Remember that you are ministering the Word of God, not just reading
through a guidebook.
The material is presented here in English. If you are teaching
in another language, especially if it is not your native language,
then it is strongly recommended that you rehearse thoroughly,
explaining everything in the target language once or twice before
teaching the lesson.
What comes next after these six studies? We have prepared
a course called The Growth Group (available in Arabic only) which
is longer, and is geared mainly for believers. It is hoped that
by this time the student will already have some deeper involvement
with other believers.
Many debate the question of which type of teaching is more
fruitful in discipleship, that is, Biblical content or the so-called
"obedience-oriented" teaching. The question is similar
to "Which wing of the airplane is more important?"
Clearly to concentrate on one to the detriment of the other can
short-circuit the believers new walk with Christ. Many
verses could be given to show the urgency of balance between
these two, or rather, the necessity of both. The disciple who
is fed only content, truths, and theology week after week is
left unchallenged in his faith and may be continuing to study
for a variety of unhealthy reasons. Likewise, the new disciple
who is merely given commands of Christ to obey, almost as challenges,
but who is not helped to grow in the "knowledge of Christ"
at the same time (2 Peter 3:18), is likely to suffer from a real
lack of depth and the spiritual understanding necessary to make
the right choices.
May God use you greatly as Christ is reproduced in those you
are called to disciple!
(Note: Please do not use these lessons unless you have
already read this book. You need to understand when and how to
use them. The material here is simply given as notes to guide
the religious teacher in preparing his lessons. Abdalla expects
all teachers to do just that: teach. All he provides is the rough
outline; the teacher is expected to fill it out, and make the
lessons live. Ed.)
- Discovery 1
- God, Man, and Creation
Bible Texts: Genesis 1 and 2
- The Bible teaches that Jesus came to give us a better life
(John 10:10). Everyone that I meet seems to want a new life.
Jesus has promised us that life.
The goal of these lessons is to help us understand who Jesus
Christ is, why He came, and what He can do for us.
In order to understand who Jesus is, we must understand what
happened in the world before He came. To do this, we are going
to take a closer look at a familiar story: the creation of the
The Seven Days of Creation - The Importance of the Word
- READ: Genesis 1:1-2
- Was there anything in existence before the creation
of the world? God and the Spirit of God.
- When God began creating the world, what was its condition?
Formless, empty, confusion, darkness.
- READ: Genesis 1:3-5.
- What did God create on the first day? Light.
- How did He create it? Did He use tools? No. He spoke and
- The Word of God is the foundation to the existence of everything
is built upon the Word of God.
- READ: Genesis 1:6-25.
- How did God create everything? By His Word.
- There was an order and a purpose to Gods creation.
- The expression the Word of God does not refer
to a book. It means the voice of God, the will of God, and the
revelation of God.
Creation of Man-Gods Love for Man
- READ: Genesis 1:26-27
- Man was created in the image of God.
- b) Are animals created in the image of God? Of course not.
- What does it mean that we are created in the image of God?
Do we resemble God physically? No. God has given man abilities
greater than the rest of creation. God has distinguished man
by giving him some of His (Gods) characteristics.
- What are some of the ways that man is created in the image
- Man has authority
- Man has absolute responsibility
- Man has the ability to communicate
- Man can distinguish between good and evil
- Man can have a relationship with God
- Man has life after death
- READ: Genesis 1:28-31
- Do you see anything that points to the value of
- Do you see Gods love for man?
- When God said that creation was good, what did He mean? Perfect,
complete. No sickness, war, pain, sadness, crime, or even death.
The relationship between God and man was perfect. Man was close
to God. He had fellowship with God.
- READ: Genesis 2:1-3
- What did God do on the seventh day? He rested
- Why did He rest? Was He tired? No. He rested because He had
- It is very important that we notice the condition of creation
at this time. It was perfect. It was complete. God rested because
there was nothing else for Him to do.
- Notice that God made the seventh day holy. To this day, man
rests one day out of seven because God made this day holy. This
points to the holiness of the relationship between God and man.
- When a family moves into a new home, the parents want to
prepare the childrens room with a bed, toys, etc. In the
same way, God prepared a beautiful world for us because He loves
The Garden of Eden-Mans Freedom to Choose
- READ: Genesis 2:8-9
- Where was the Garden of Eden located? In the East.
(If necessary read vv. 10-14. Point out that the Garden of Eden
was located on earth. It was part of creation.)
- How many kinds of trees did God put in the Garden? Three:
the Tree of Life, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil,
and all of the normal trees. The trees we shall focus on are
the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil and the Tree of Life.
- READ: Genesis 2:15-17
- Which trees did God allowed them to eat from? All
of them except the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
- This meant that they could eat from the Tree of Life. What
was the importance of this tree? If they ate the fruit of this
tree they would never die.
- What was Gods command to them? Do not eat from the
Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
- What would happen if they did? They would die.
- Man has responsibility before God: responsibility of obedience.
- Man has a choice, he has freedom. He can obey or disobey.
Man has complete freedom to choose.
- Was Gods command difficult? No. He gave Adam and Eve
thousands of trees to eat from. Only one was forbidden. Even
today Gods commands are not difficult. Man makes religion
The First Marriage
- READ: Genesis 2:18-25
- Marriage is a gift from God
- Marriage and sex within marriage are holy
- The will of God from the beginning concerning marriage is
one man for one woman for life
- Why did Adam and Eve feel no shame even though they were
naked? Because there was no sin. When there is no sin, there
is no shame. Shame and guilt are consequences of sin.
- God created this world out of darkness and confusion. Because
He is the Creator He can take the darkness and emptiness of our
lives and give us new and beautiful lives. His Word is the foundation
of spiritual life.
- God created us to have fellowship with Him. Close fellowship.
He created us so that we can glorify Him with our lives. God
loves us. We have value.
- The original condition of man in the Garden was perfect and
- He was physically complete (no sickness or death)
- His relationship with God was complete (no separation because
- The environment around him was complete
- The marriage relationship was complete (respect between husband
and wife, no divorce)
- No sin, pain, suffering, sickness, death, or problems.
- Man has complete freedom to obey or disobey God.
- The things we see in the world today that are not right were
not that way in the beginning. When we read about the perfect
life in the Garden of Eden, we are reading about Gods will
for us. He wants us to have a perfect, complete life.
- In the next lesson we will see how man destroyed the perfect
world God gave him, and in the lessons that follow, we will see
how God has made a way to restore us to our original condition
with a perfect, complete life.
- Discovery 2
- THE FALL OF MAN - THE ORIGIN OF
Bible Texts: Genesis 3
- Review the purpose of the course: to help the student understand
who Christ is.
- Review last weeks lesson: Creation. The three main
points to remember about last weeks lesson are:
- All of creation and mans relationship with
God were complete.
- Gods will for man is that his life should be complete
- God gave man a choice. READ: Genesis 2:16-17. What was that
- The story could have ended here and man would have lived
in the perfect will of God for eternity, but the world we live
in today is not perfect or complete. Today we will see what happened.
We can divide this lesson into four parts.
- Satans temptation of Eve (Genesis 3:1-6).
- The sin of Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:7).
- The punishment and consequences of that sin (Genesis 3:8-24).
- The promise of reconciliation (Genesis 3:14-15; Genesis 3:21).
The lesson today has many new ideas. We will not be talking
about Jesus yet, but this lesson will help us understand why
we need Him.
Part 1: The Temptation
- READ: Genesis 3:1-6
- Who was the snake? Satan. Satan used the snake.
Satan came to Eve in the form of a snake.
- What do we mean by the word temptation?
- A temptation is when the desire or will of man goes
against the will of God. When a man wants to do something against
his conscience or against the Word or will of God, that is temptation.
- Temptation is not sin, but it can lead to sin if we do not
- How did Satan tempt Eve? Read the passage verse by verse
and notice the five steps Satan uses.
- He causes doubt to the Word of God (vs. 1). Did
God really say ...? This question transmits doubt. This
is Satans first step. Even today he wants to bring doubt
concerning the Word of God.
- He exaggerates the command of God (vs. 1). You must
not eat from any tree in the Garden... Was this Gods
command? No! Satan makes God appear difficult and strict. He
wants to lessen our confidence in God.
- Eve adds to the command of God (vs. 3). How did Eve answer
Satans question? Was her answer correct? No. She added
something. Many times we add things to what God has required.
- He contradicts the command of God (vs. 4). You will
not die. He calls God a liar.
- He lies (vs. 5). Satan says that the created ones can become
like the Creator! Satan is the Father of Lies.
Part 2: Sin
- READ: Genesis 3:6
- What were the three things that attracted Eve to
break her obedience to God?
- It was good for food
- It was beautiful to the eyes
- It was desirable
- Are these things bad? Not necessarily, but if they are against
the will of God they are sin.
- What did Eve do after she ate? She gave some to Adam. When
Adam and Eve disobeyed the relationship between God and man was
- It is not only adultery, stealing, and killing that are sins.
Anything that is disobedience to God is sin. Anything before
God in our lives is sin.
The root of the problem is not disobedience, but lack of faith
and confidence in the Word of God (Dont eat from
the tree or you will die).
Adam and Eve did not believe what God said about the Tree
of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. If mans problem is bad
works, what is the solution? Good works. If mans problem
is lack of faith, what is the solution? Faith. The focus of the
true believer is faith in Gods word.
Part 3: The Punishment and Consequences of Sin
- READ: Genesis 2:17: Punishment
God is holy. He cannot accept sin in spite of His great love
for man. This does not mean that God abandons us.
- What is the punishment if man disobeys God? Death.
- Death is the only punishment or recompense for disobedience
and sin. But there are three types of death:
- Spiritual death: Separation from God.
- Physical death: The age of man is limited.
- Eternal death: Damnation in hell for eternity with no hope
for reconciliation with God. READ: 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9.
- READ: Genesis 3:7: The Feelings of Guilt, Shame & Fear
- What does it mean that their eyes were opened after
the fall into sin? They experienced inner emptiness. This resulted
in three emotional responses: guilt, shame, and fear. They felt
the need to hide impurity and uncleanness.
- What did they do to try to cover their guilt, shame and fear?
Made coverings of leaves. Hid themselves from God.
- READ: Genesis 3:8-9: Destruction of the Relationship Between
God and man.
- What was Gods question? Where are you?
This was not because God did not know where man was, but because
the close relationship between God and man had been broken.
- Why were Adam and Eve hiding? They were ashamed. This is
the normal response when we sin. We want to be far from God.
- Do you see anything that points to the value of man? God
was searching for him. Even today God searches for sinners.
- READ: Genesis 3:11-12: Blame in the Relationship Between
Husband and Wife.
- What was Adams response? He blamed his wife.
- Who else did he blame? He even blamed God: The woman
you gave me
- READ: Genesis 3:16-19: Some specific results.
- What are the specific curses (judgments) against
men and women?
- Women will have pain in childbirth.
- Women will be subject to their husbands.
iii) Work will be difficult for men, and it wont be
- Have these things affected you? We have all been affected
- READ: Genesis 3:22-24: Banishment
- What did God do to Adam and Eve? He banished them
from the Garden of Eden.
- Why? If they remained in the Garden they could eat from the
Tree of Life and live forever.
- By being banished from the Garden, man was being banished
from three things:
- The presence of God.
- The Tree of Life (eternal life).
- The perfect life-environment in the Garden of Eden.
Part 4: The Promise of Reconciliation
Compare the condition of the world before and after the fall.
Everything changed. However, one thing did not change: Gods
love for man. There are two things that reveal Gods love
for man: a promise and a provision.
- READ: Genesis 3:14-15: The Promise.
- What is the prophecy here? An offspring of Eve will
crush the head of Satan, and Satan will strike the heel of this
- Who is the offspring of Eve mentioned? Jesus.
- When did Satan strike Jesus? At His death.
- When did Jesus crush Satan? At the resurrection.
- Notice that Satan will only strike the heel of the Messiah,
but the Messiah will crush Satans head.
This prophecy is a promise to all mankind that God will defeat
Satan and overcome the effects of sin in our lives. It is a promise
that even though we are far from God because of sin, God will
reconcile us to Himself someday.
- READ: Genesis 3:21: The Provision.
- What did God do for Adam and Eve? He gave them clothes
made of animal skin.
- Why did God give them clothes made of animal skin rather
than clothes made of leaves? Two reasons:
- Only God can provide cover for the shame and guilt
- God provides this cover through sacrifice: the shedding of
- How many sins did Adam and Eve commit? One.
- How many good works did God say they had to do to return?
None. No good work that they could do would make returning possible.
- Even today people believe that if they have more good works
than bad they can go to heaven. This is not true.
- John Bunyan: One leak will sink a ship and one sin
will destroy a person.
- Because of one sin, Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden.
Only one sin will block the way to heaven for us as well. Only
God can bring us back to our original condition.
- Satan tempts us by decreasing our confidence in the Word
- Sin has separated us from God.
- All of the problems we see in the world have come as a result
- God has promised to solve the problem of sin, reconcile us
to Himself, and overcome death.
Closing: READ: Romans 5:12; Romans 6:23.
- Discovery 3
- FUNDAMENTALS OF THE BIBLE
Bible Texts: Various
The Purpose of the Lesson:
- To give the student a comprehensive view of the Bible.
- To present the idea of the inspiration of the Bible.
- Remember that the goal of the course is to help the student
understand who Christ is; but to do this we must understand the
Bible since it is the source of our knowledge of Christ.
Structure of the Bible
Some general statements:
- The Bible is divided into two parts: the Old Testament and
the New Testament. The Old Testament was written before the birth
of Christ. The New Testament was written after. Jesus is the
link (In Arabic this is like the hamzet wassel) between them.
- A testament is a promise from God. The Old Testament and
the New Testament are the same promise but in two forms.
- The whole Bible was written over a period of 1600 years by
about 40 authors.
- It was written in different situations: during times of war,
happiness, sadness, etc.
- There are different types of literary styles: songs, poetry,
history, law, prophecy, and letters.
The Old Testament
- 1) The Old Testament contains the books of Moses, historical
books about how God worked in and through the Jews, poetical
books including Psalms, and books of the prophets.
- There are 39 books in the Old Testament. Each book is complete
on its own.
- The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew.
- The Jews refer to the Old Testament as the Law and the Prophets.
All of the Old Testament books point forward to the coming of
the Messiah. READ: Matthew 5:17; John 5:39-40.
- The prophets prophesied details about the Messiahs
life to prepare the world for His coming. We will study this
The New Testament
- There are 27 books in the New Testament. Each is complete
on its own.
- The New Testament was originally written in Greek.
- The New Testament includes the Gospels, Acts, Letters of
the Apostles, and Revelation.
- The Gospels give details about the life and teaching
of the Messiah.
- Acts tells of the growth of the church in the first century.
The focus is on the Holy Spirit in the lives of believers.
- Letters giving believers instructions on the Christian life.
- Revelation: the Second Coming of the Messiah.
- The meaning of the word gospel.
- The gospel is not a doctrine or religion that came
down from heaven.
- The gospel is not a means of communication or group of commands
or laws about how to go to heaven.
- The word gospel is a Greek word meaning
good news. What is this good news? READ: 1 Corinthians
Closing points on the structure of the Bible
- The books of the Bible are powerfully united and arranged
and their foundation is Jesus Christ Himself.
- The Old Testament prophesied the coming of the Messiah with
- As for the Gospels, they informs us according to eyewitnesses
about that coming of the Messiah which prove it to be true.
- The rest of the books of the New Testament inform us about
the establishing of the first church and the proclamation of
the good news of Jesus Christ by the apostles.
The Inspiration of the Bible
- Many people stumble over this point because the language
and style of the Bible is different from that of other religious
- The main principle that Christian believer concerning the
inspiration of the Bible is that God inspired the Bible through
the control of the Holy Spirit over the writers who wrote the
divine Word. Each of them wrote in his own language but under
the direction of the Holy Spirit in facts and words.
- The original Bible was written in Greek and Hebrew (show
original languages). It has been translated into thousands of
languages. The Arabic is not an original. It is a translation.
- Has the Bible been corrupted or changed as some people say?
- There are hundreds of copies of the Bible from the
first and second centuries. Could all of them have been changed?
- If there are mistakes in the Bible, this means one of two
- God made a mistake (impossible).
- The Bible is not nor has it ever been the Word of God.
- God protects His Word. READ: Isaiah 40:8.
- How then was the Bible written? READ: 2 Peter 1:21.
- All of the writers wrote under the control of the
Holy Spirit. Their words are the words of God.
- God respected the personality of the writer. Even though
God respected the personality, the Holy Spirit led the writer.
- Each writer wrote in the language of the people because God
was concerned that the people understand His Word.
The Purpose of the Bible
- The focus of Christianity is not a book. It is a person:
- The Bible is the written Word of God, but Jesus is the living
Word of God.
- The purpose of the Bible is to lead us to Christ. The Bible
is a door to a personal relationship with God because it leads
us to Christ. It is possible to study the Bible for years and
yet not have a personal relationship with God.
- READ: Luke 24:44-45. Jesus opened the minds of
the disciples so that they could understand that the Scriptures
taught about the Christ.
- READ: 2 Timothy 3:16-17.
- Who is the source of the Scriptures? God.
- What is the purpose of Scripture? Teaching, rebuking, correcting,
and training in righteousness.
READ: Hebrews 1:1-2.
True knowledge of God cannot come through books, but through
- Discovery 4
- REDEMPTION IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
- (THE NECESSITY OF BLOOD FOR SALVATION)
Key Bible Texts: Leviticus 16:15-19; 29-34;
Isaiah 52, 53
Review of Lesson 2.
- What are the consequences of sin?
- Do these things affect our lives today?
- Are you pleased with the world today?
- Man is always looking for a solution to the problem of sin.
Today we will be looking at Gods solution for the problem
- We are not looking at a specific event today, but at a subject
that can be found throughout the whole Bible from beginning to
end: blood sacrifice.
The Problem of Sin
- What Gods Word says about sin:
- READ: Psalm 14:3. Does this describe people today?
- READ (Optional): Psalm 143:2. Who is righteous?
- READ: Ecclesiastics 7:20. Who is righteous?
- READ: Isaiah 59:2. What is the worst consequence of sin?
Separation from God.
- What are some of the things that man has done to solve the
problem of sin? Religion, science, good works, etc. Man looks
for salvation from good works.
- READ: Ephesians 2:8-9. What does it mean to be saved?
What are we saved from? From the consequences of our sin. Can
good works save us? No.
- READ: Romans 3:20. Can we become righteous through the Law?
- The greatest problem in the world is sin. Because sin is
a spiritual problem, we cannot solve it alone. We must depend
on God. What is Gods solution? This week we will look at
the answer in the Old Testament and next week in the New Testament.
Gods Plan for Salvation
The Law and the Prophets point forward to Christ.
- All through the Old Testament we read about the men of God
offering sacrifices, e.g. Noah, Abraham, Moses, David. Why are
these sacrifices necessary? According to the Law, forgiveness
and redemption from sin only comes through the shedding of blood.
- READ: Leviticus 16:15-19; 29-34. The Day of Atonement.
- What was the sacrifice? A goat.
- Why was this sacrificed? For sin.
- What did the sacrifice do? Atoned for sin. Covered sin. Purified
the people from sin.
- Who was this sacrifice for? The whole nation.
- READ: John 1:29. The Perfect Sacrifice. An animal does not
have the same value as a man. Therefore we need a more perfect,
- Who is the lamb that John is referring to? Jesus.
- Why did he call Jesus the Lamb of God? Because Jesus Himself
was a sacrifice like the Old Testament sacrifices.
- For whom was He a sacrifice? The whole world.
- READ: Romans 5:18. How could one man be a sacrifice that
purifies the whole world?
- What was the one act of disobedience that brought
death to the world? Adams disobedience in the Garden of
- What was the one act of obedience that brought life to the
world? The death of Christ on the Cross.
- Through Adam all of the problems of sin entered our lives.
Christ brought the solution.
- READ: Hebrews 9:22. According to the Bible, there must be
the shedding of blood for forgiveness of sins. It is important
to highlight the importance blood has in the Middle East:
- a) When a group of people go out to greet the president
or king of the country, they yell with one voice, "By spirit,
by blood, we redeem you, oh ..." Why blood? Why isnt
it said, By money or by land?
- What erases a debt other than blood? Blood revenge still
exists in Arab villages. If something shameful happens to a member
of a family, especially girls, they take their blood revenge
by killing. They will not be satisfied except by blood. Why?
- Why do people sacrifice on the roof of their houses? Someone
told me that it is so God will protect the house! Just as with
the Passover, the blood is protection.
- Where did these traditions come from? God has put a special
knowledge concerning blood inside us. We understand the importance
- Prophecies of the coming Messiah. The Law states that there
must be a blood sacrifice for forgiveness. It also states that
the sacrifice of an animal is not enough (this is why there must
be continual sacrifices). But the prophets describe the final,
The following prophecies from Isaiah help us to understand
- READ: Isaiah 52:13. Who is the servant? Jesus.
- READ: Isaiah 52:14-15. How does Isaiah describe Christs
- READ: Isaiah 53:1-3. Describe the physical appearance of
the Messiah. Even today people do not recognize the greatness
of the Messiah. They think He is only a prophet or teacher.
- READ: Isaiah 53:4-5. Why did the Messiah die?
- READ: Isaiah 53:6. How are we like sheep?
- READ: Isaiah 53:7-8. How is Christ like a lamb?
- READ: Isaiah 53:9. What is the prophecy here?
- READ: Isaiah 53:10. What is a guilt offering?
- READ: Isaiah 53:11-12. What are the results of the Messiahs
READ: John 18 and 19. Notice the similarities between the
prophecies of Christs crucifixion in Isaiah 53 and the
actual crucifixion as described in John 18 and 19.
- Both the Law and the Prophets point forward to Christ.
- The Law teaches us that without the shedding of blood there
can be no forgiveness for sin. This is the justice of God.
- The Prophets teach us that God will send a final, perfect
sacrifice, Christ. This is the mercy of God.
- Discovery 5
- WHO IS JESUS
Bible Texts: John 1
Review lessons 1 -4.
- Lesson 1: How did God create the world? By His Word. What
was the condition of the world when He finished creating it?
It was perfect.
- Lesson 2: How did the world become so bad? The result of
- Lesson 3: What was the purpose of the Old Testament Law and
Prophets? To prepare us to receive the Messiah.
- Lesson 4: What does the Law teach us about redemption? Without
blood there is no forgiveness for sins.
What was the theme of the prophets? They prepared the way
for the Messiah.
The Bible tells us that the Messiah is the solution to all
of our problems. But to understand the solution, we must understand
the problem: sin. This has been our main focus. (NOTE: If this
needs more explanation use the first part of the Steps
to God tract to illustrate how separates sin us from God.)
Man is not able to remove the guilt, shame or fear of his sin
by religion or good works.
Todays lesson is a simple introduction to the Messiah.
We cannot say everything. However, we must remember that the
entire Bible, even what was written before the Messiahs
birth, was written about Him. He is the focus and the center
of the Bible. He is the focus and center of our faith. John 1
gives us five titles for Christ the Messiah. We shall study these
Titles for Christ in John 1
Jesus is the Word of God. READ: John 1:1-3, 14.
The most important word in this section is word.
A word is an important part of the way in which understanding
is established between people. How could we understand one another
without words? God communicates to us through His Word.
- What are some of the attributes of Gods Word we discover
in these verses? (Read again if necessary.)
- The Word of God is eternal.
- There is no distinction between God and His Word.
- Everything was made through the Word of God (Remember Genesis
- The Word of God became a person.
- If the Word of God became a person, who do you think that
- What does it mean that Jesus is the Word of God? He is much
more than a prophet. He is the revelation of God to man.
- The Word of God must have authority in our lives. This is
why we accept Christ not only as Savior, but also as Lord. He
Jesus is the Life. READ: John 1:4.
- READ: John 6:35
- Who is the Bread of Life? Jesus.
- What does Jesus mean when He says that we will never be hungry
or thirsty? Does He mean physically? No. He means spiritually.
We will be satisfied.
- READ: John 6:51.
- Where did Jesus come from? Heaven.
- What will we receive if we eat this bread from heaven? Eternal
- What is this bread? The flesh of Christ.
- This is symbolic. It refers to accepting Christ as Savior.
The important point here is that Jesus is Life. There is no
eternal life apart from Jesus.
Jesus is the Light. READ: John 1:4-9.
- Explain who John the Baptist was. Do this before reading
- How is Jesus described here? Light.
- What are some of the things that light does?
- Light reveals the straight path so that we do not
- Light exposes the darkness (darkness is a symbol for sin).
- Light helps living things grow.
- How is Jesus like the light?
- READ: John 8:12. Jesus reveals the way to God.
- READ: John 12:46. Jesus overcomes darkness (sin).
Jesus is the Lamb of God. READ: John 1:29
- What is Jesus called here? The Lamb of God.
- Do you remember why Jesus is called the Lamb of God? Because
He was a sacrifice.
- As the Lamb, what does Jesus do? Takes away the sin of the
- READ: Hebrews 9:27-28.
- What was Christs purpose the first time He
came to earth? To be a sacrifice for sin.
- What will be His purpose when He comes again? To bring salvation
to His followers.
Jesus is the Son of God. READ: John 1:30-34
- What does John call Jesus here? The Son of God.
- There are many misunderstandings concerning this expression.
- It does not mean that He was born in the natural
way with God as His father and Mary as His mother. Mary was a
virgin. He was conceived of the Holy Spirit.
- It does not mean that God adopted Him as a son. He was not
born like the rest of humanity. Because of this He was righteous,
- The meaning of this expression the Son of God
is that Jesus had a unique relationship with God and that He
came directly from God.
- After understanding these five titles for Christ, can we
still think that Jesus was merely a prophet?
Application Rejecting and Receiving Christ
- READ: John 1:10-11
- What does it mean that the world did not recognize
Him? The people did not recognize Him as the Word of God, the
Life, the Light, the Lamb, and the Son of God.
- Who were His own? The Jews.
- Did they accept Him? No.
- Why do people today reject Christ? They accept Him as a prophet
or a teacher, but not as the Word of God, the Life, the Light,
the Lamb, or the Son of God.
- READ: John 1:12-13
- What does it mean to receive Christ? To accept Him
as the Word of God, the Life, the Light, the Lamb, and the Son
- What happens to those who receive Christ? They become children
- What does it mean to be a child of God? A child has an inheritance
from his father. We inherit eternal life from our father, God.
- Do you understand what I mean when I say that Jesus is the
Word of God, the Life, the Light, the Lamb, and the Son of God?
- Do you understand how Jesus is Savior? Do you understand
how He is Lord?
- There is one more thing that distinguishes Jesus from all
of the other prophets: He is alive. Because of this, He is much
more than a prophet. Prophets make bad people good, but Jesus
makes dead people live. He is the source of life. QUOTE: John
- READ: Revelation 3:20. The decision is yours. Do you want
to accept Christ and become His child?
- Discovery 6
- THE PROPER RESPONSE TO GOD
Bible Texts: Various
Review Lesson 5: Jesus is the Word of God, the Life, the Light,
the Lamb, and the Son of God. Answer any questions.
The lesson today begins with a story. Tell how Saul persecuted
the early Christians. Explain how he thought he was obeying God.
He thought he was fulfilling the will of God. One day as he was
traveling to Damascus to persecute the believers there, something
very strange happened to him.
READ: Acts 9:3-9. As Paul traveled, he saw a bright light
- Who was the light? Jesus.
- What were Pauls two questions to Jesus? Who are
you? and What do you want me to do?
These are two important questions that we must ask today.
In the first five lessons we have tried to answer the question,
Who is Jesus? In this lesson we will answer the second,
What does He want us to do? This is a very dangerous
question because the way you answer it will affect your entire
life on earth and your eternal life.
In todays lesson we will answer this question with four
points. These are not four steps to arriving at salvation, but
one step with four sides. Example: How do you show love to your
wife? You are kind, dont hit her, provide for the family,
etc. Are these many things? No. They are all expressions of love.
- Consider the Cost. READ: Luke 14:25-30
- What do you think Jesus means when He says that
we must hate our families and our life? Christ must be our priority.
He must come before our families, our job, our house, our honor,
- What does He mean when He says that we must carry our cross?
The Cross is a symbol of suffering. If we follow Jesus we will
suffer. There will be persecution.
- What do you think Jesus is telling us in the story of the
tower (vv. 28-30)? If you decide to follow Christ it means that
you will follow Him, obey Him, in every area of your life.
- READ: John 14:15. What is the proof that we love God? Obedience.
- The first thing you must do is to consider the cost of following
Christ. Do not promise to give Him your life if you are not committed
to obeying Him, following Him, and carrying your cross. If you
start on this way and then turn back you will bring judgment
- READ: Matthew 3:1-12. (You may want to read this
verse by verse.)
- Who was John the Baptist? A prophet. He prepared the Jews
to receive the Messiah.
- What was Johns message? Repent.
- What was his message to the religious leaders? Repent.
- What were the religious leaders trusting in (v. 9)? They
were trusting in their religion. This is why it is so hard for
religious people to come to the Messiah. They trust in their
religious rituals and they dont think they need to repent.
- Repentance is the preparation for experiencing the presence
- When we repent we are emptying ourselves of our old life
in order to receive a new life.
- READ: Luke 18:9-14
- Describe the two men. The Pharisee was a religious
man and the tax collector a sinner.
- Which man repented? The tax collector.
- Who did Jesus say was justified before God? The tax collector.
Why? Because he repented.
- Repentance means that we confess we are sinners. We confess
that we need the grace of God. We confess that we do not deserve
Gods love. Repentance takes humility.
- Have Faith. READ: John 6:27-29, 40
- What kind of work should we do? Work that leads
to eternal life.
- What is the work that God requires for eternal life? Believing
in the one He has sent.
- Who is the one He has sent? Jesus.
- What does the word faith mean?
- It does not mean that you believe in God in a general
- It does not mean that you only believe that Jesus was a prophet
- It means that you believe Jesus is the Savior of the world.
- It means that you believe He is your personal Savior. You
believe that without Him you could not have eternal life.
- It means that you believe that Jesus was without sin, that
He died on the Cross for your sins, that He rose from the dead,
and that He is coming again.
- Specifically there is a link between faith and trust. When
we have faith, we are trusting God to save us. We are not trusting
in our works.
- When we have faith, God in Jesus satisfies us.
- There are two kinds of faith.
- Religious faith: believing in the doctrines of a
religion. It is possible to have religious faith and yet not
have a personal relationship with God.
- Personal faith: opening your heart and life to God through
Jesus. This is a personal relationship with God.
- Receive Christ READ: John 1:12-13
- What happens to those who receive Christ? They become
children of God.
- What does it mean to be a child of God? To be an heir of
- To accept Christ means that we open our hearts to Christ
and allow Him to give us a new life and to change us.
- To accept Christ means that we have personally accepted the
way of Christ for our life.
- When we accept Christ He lives in us through the Holy Spirit.
- Have you considered the cost of following Christ? Do you
understand the commitment?
- Do you confess that you are a sinner in need of Gods
grace and forgiveness?
- Do you believe that Jesus is the Savior who died on the Cross
for you? Do you believe that He is the only way to God? Do you
understand that He is much more than a prophet?
- Do you want to accept Christ and allow Him to be your personal
Savior and Lord? Are you willing to follow Him?
READ: Romans 10:9-10.
- According to these verses, what are the two things we must
do to be saved? Confess that Jesus is Lord and believe that He
rose from the dead.
- What is the means of believing? Our heart.
- What is the means of confessing? Our mouth.
- This faith must not be religious faith, but personal faith.
- Would you like to pray now with me to receive Christ?
- Salvation Prayer
- Oh, Lord Jesus, I confess to you that I am a sinner needing
your forgiveness. I believe that you died for my sins, and now
I repent of them. I call on you to enter my life. I am putting
my trust in you as Savior, and I will follow you as Lord all
of my life. Thank you, Master, Lord, because you have saved me.
In the name of Jesus, I pray. Amen.